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CV – Lauro Chiaraluce, PhD

 

 

Lauro Chiaraluce

lauro.chiaraluce@ingv.it

+39 0651860432

Employment

2003 – Present: Researcher at the National Earthquake Centre of the National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), Rome (Italy).

Higher Education

2000-2004 PhD: Department of Earth Sciences, University of Perugia, Italy. Title: Kinematics and interaction within a normal fault system of the central Apennines: an application to the 1997 Colfiorito (Central Italy) seismic sequence.

1995- 1999: Degree in Geological Sciences. Department of Earth Sciences, University of Camerino, Italy.

 

Scientific collaborations and Projects

2012-2104 Working package responsible for a National Project named Multidisciplinary study of earthquakes preparatory phase. Project funded by the Italian Minster of University and Research.

2010-2015 Senior Researcher for a European Research Council Starting Grant, named GLASS: Integrated laboratories to investigate the mechanics of Aseismic vs. seismic faulting.

2010-2014 INGV coordinator of the Networking near-fault observatories working package for the NERA project (FP7-EU): Network of European Research Infrastructures for Earthquake Risk Assessment and Mitigation.

2008 –2012 Responsible for the Seismic Network monitoring of the Alta Valle del Tevere area (Northern Apennines) financed by the Italian Minster of Research and University.

2008 –2010 INGV coordinator of the test sites monitoring active faults working package financed by the Italian Civil Protection Department.

Research Interests

I am an observational seismologist studying the structure, geometry and mechanics of active faults, the spatiotemporal characteristics of seismicity and the physical processes controlling faulting and earthquake generation. The main elements of my research are catalogues of instrumental earthquakes characterised by high-resolution location.

I am very interested in the relationship between crustal seismological faults identified by seismicity distribution and geological faults mapped at surface, working on problems of fault interaction and triggering.

I am also particularly fascinated by the comprehension of the earthquake nucleation process and fluid involvement in faulting and seismicity pattern evolution.

My current projects are mainly focused on understanding the deformation mechanisms that characterise very low angle normal faults.

Fieldwork and Experiences

I am one of the researchers responsible for the scientific aspect of the Italian Mobile Seismic Network of the INGV.

I have participated in all of the monitoring experiments following the occurrence of the major Italian earthquakes from 1997 to today  (e.g. Emilia 2012; L’Aquila 2009; Molise 2002; Umbria-Marche 1997).

I designed and managed a large number of experiments in actively deforming tectonic and volcanic areas of the Italian territory and I have been involved in generating large catalogues of instrumental seismicity.

I planned and supervised the drilling of shallow boreholes from 30 to 300 m of depth and instrumented them with seismometers.

Since 2007 I am also a Senior Seismologist on duty in the 24hour seismic room service of the Italian National Seismic Network.

Invited Keynote Presentations

2011 National Congress of the Italian Society of Physics (SIF), Rome.

2010 European Geosciences Union (EGU) General Assembly, Wien.

2008  Congress of the European Centre for Geodynamics and Seismology (ECGS), Luxemburg.

2008  International Continental Drilling Project workshop (ICDP), Spoleto, Italy.

2008  European Geosciences Union (EGU) General Assembly, Wien, Austria.

2007  International School of Geophysics. Euro conference of rock physics and geo-mechanics on natural hazard: thermo-hydro-mechanical processes in rocks. Erice, Italy.

2005  Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union (AGU). San Francisco.

2004  Geological Society of America (GSA), Denver.

2002  European Seismological Commission (ESC), Genoa, Italy.

Selected publications

  1. C. Collettini and L. Chiaraluce (2013), Integrated laboratories to Study Aseismic and Seismic Faulting. Eos, Vol. 94, No. 10, 5 March 2013.
  2. L. Valoroso, L. Chiaraluce, R. Di Stefano, D. Piccinini, F. Waldhauser and D. Schaff (2013), Radiography of a normal fault system by 64,000 high-precision earthquake locations: the 2009 L’Aquila (central Italy) case study. Journal of Geophysical Research, doi: 10.1002/jgrb.50130
  3.  L. Chiaraluce, Unravelling the complexity of Apenninic extensional fault systems: a review of the 2009 L’Aquila earthquake (Central Apennines, Italy). Solicited Review Article for Journal of Structural Geology (2012). 42, 2–18, doi:10.1016/j.jsg.2012.06.007.
  4.  L. Chiaraluce, L. Valoroso, D. Piccinini, R. Di Stefano, and P. De Gori, The anatomy of the 2009 L’Aquila normal fault system (central Italy) imaged by high-resolution foreshock and aftershock locations. Journal of Geophysical Research (2011), 116, B12311, doi: 10.1029/2011JB008352.
  5. R. Di Stefano, C. Chiarabba, L. Chiaraluce, M. Cocco, P. De Gori, D. Piccinini, and L. Valoroso. Fault zone properties affecting the rupture evolution of the 2009 (Mw 6.1) L’Aquila earthquake (central Italy): Insights from seismic tomography. Geophysical Research Letters, (2011), 38, doi: 10.1029/2011GL047365,.
  6. M. Çelebi, P. Bazzurro, L. Chiaraluce, P. Clemente, L. Decanini, A. DedeSortis, W. Ellsworth, A. Gorini, E. Kalkan, S. Marcucci, G. Milana, F. Mollaioli, M. Olivieri, R. Paolucci, D. Rinaldis, A. Rovelli, F. Sabetta and C. Stephens. Recorded Motions of the MW 6.3 April 6, 2009 L’Aquila (Italy) Earthquake and Implications for Building Structural Damage: Overview. Earthquake Spectra, (2010), 26, Issue 3, 651-684.
  7. L. Chiaraluce, L. Valoroso, M. Anselmi, S. Bagh and C. Chiarabba. A decade of passive seismic monitoring experiments with local networks in four Italian regions. Special IssueTectonophysics 476 (2009), 85-98, doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2009.02.013.
  8. F. Catalli, M. Cocco, R. Console, and L. Chiaraluce. Modelling seismicity rate changes during the 1997 Umbria-Marche sequence (central Italy) through a rate- and state-dependent model. Journal of Geophysical Research (2008), 113, doi: 10.1029/2007JB005356.
  9. L. Chiaraluce, C. Chiarabba, C. Collettini, D. Piccinini, and M. Cocco. Architecture and mechanics of an active low-angle normal fault: Alto Tiberina Fault, northern Apennines, Italy. Journal of Geophysical Research (2007), 112, B10310, doi: 10.1029/2007JB005015.
  10. S. Bagh, L. Chiaraluce, P. De Gori, M. Moretti, A. Govoni, C. Chiarabba, P. Di Bartolomeo and M. Romanelli. Background seismicity in the Central Apennines of Italy: the Abruzzo region case study. Tectonophysics (2007), 444; 80–92.
  11. D. Piccinini, L. Margheriti, L. Chiaraluce, and M. Cocco. Space and time variations of crustal anisotropy during the 1997 Umbria-Marche, central Italy, seismic sequence. Geophysical Journal International (2006), Vol. 167, 1482-1490.
  12. C. Chiarabba, L. Chiaraluce, P. De Gori, Et Al. Mainshock and aftershocks of the 2002 Molise seismic sequence, southern Italy. Journal of Seismology (2005) 9: 487-494.
  13. A. Antonioli, D. Piccinini, L. Chiaraluce and M. Cocco. Fluid flow and seismicity pattern: evidence from the 1997 Colfiorito (central Italy) seismic sequence. Geophysical Research Letter, (2005), Vol. 32, L10311, doi: 10.1029/2004GL022256.
  14. C. Nostro, L. Chiaraluce, M. Cocco, D. Baumont and O. Scotti. Coulomb stress changes caused by repeated normal faulting earthquakes during the 1997-1998 Umbria-Marche (Central Italy) seismic sequence. Special Issue del Journal of Geophysical Research (2005), 110, B05S20, doi: 10.1029/2004JB003386.
  15. L. Chiaraluce, M. Barchi, C. Collettini, F. Mirabella and S. Pucci. Connecting seismically active normal faults with Quaternary geological structures: the Colfiorito 1997 case history (Northern Apennines, Italy). Tectonics (2005), Vol. 24, TC1002, doi: 10.1029/2004TC001627.
  16. C. Collettini, L. Chiaraluce, S. Pucci, M. R. Barchi and M. Cocco. Looking at fault inversion matching structural geology and seismology data. Journal of Structural Geology (2005), 27, 937-942.
  17. S. Miller, C. Collettini, L. Chiaraluce, M. Cocco, M. R. Barchi e T. Kohl. Aftershock driven by a high pressure CO2 source at depth. Nature (2004), Vol. 427, 724-727 February.
  18. L. Chiaraluce, A. Amato, M. Cocco, C. Chiarabba, A. Deschamps, F. Courboulex, M. Di Bona, L. Margheriti, G. Selvaggi, D. Piccinini and M. Ripepe. Complex normal faulting in the Apennines thrust and fold belt: the 1997 seismic sequence in Central Italy. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, (2004), Vol.- 94. No. 1, 99-116, February.
  19. L. Chiaraluce, W. L. Ellsworth, C. Chiarabba and M. Cocco. Imaging the complexity of an active normal fault system: the 1997 Colfiorito (Central Italy) case study. Journal of Geophysical Research. (2003). Vol. 108, No. B6, 2294, doi: 10.1029/2002JB002166.
  20. M. Ripepe, D. Piccinini and L. Chiaraluce. Foreshock sequence of September 26th, 1997 Umbria Marche earthquakes. Special Issue del Journal of Seismology (2000). Special Issue, 4, 4.